Letter from Roger Williams to John Winthrop Jr (1606-1676)
Worthy Sir – Loving respects and salutacions to your kind self and your kindest Companion : somewhile since you desired a word of direction about the hay seed. I desired by brother to collect his own and other neighbour’s observations about it, which (with his respects presented amounts to this –
First – usually 3 bushells seede to one Acre land.
2. It hath bene knowne to spread to mat &c the Indian hills being only scrapt or leveld.
3. This may be done at any time of the years (but the sooner the better).
4. It is best to sow upon a rayne preceding.
5. Some say let the ripe grasse stand until it seede and the wind disperse it (susque deque) up and downe for it is of that thriving and homogeneall nature with the earth that the very dung of cattell that feeds on it will produce the grasse.
Williams, Roger (circa 1604-1683)
Massachusetts--History--Colonial period--1600-1775; letters; Winthrop, John (1606-1676)
MSS 413, Box 1, Folder 20
The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.