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Pickering Family Papers

Pickering Family Papers

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Open Finding Aid

PICKERING FAMILY PAPERS, 1662-1887





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Pickering family
Title:Pickering Family Papers
Dates:1662/1887
Quantity:21.5 linear feet (30 boxes)
Abstract:The Pickering Family Papers include business, legal, and personal papers of five generations of the Pickering family of Salem, Massachusetts.
Collection Number:MSS 400

Series List

SERIES I. Third Generation Business Papers
A. John Pickering (1658-1722)
B. William Pickering (1670-1723)
SERIES II. Fourth Generation Business and Personal Papers
A. Lydia Pickering (1698-1702)
B. Theophilus Pickering (1700-1747)
C. Timothy Pickering (1702-1778)
SERIES III. Fifth Generation Business and Personal Papers
A. John Pickering (1740-1811)
B. Timothy Pickering (1745-1829)
i. Business Papers and Correspondence
ii. Legal Papers
iii. Family Correspondence
iv. Business Records
v. Journals and Memoranda Books
vi. Printed Materials and Newspaper Clippings
SERIES IV. Sixth Generation Business and Personal Papers
A. John Pickering (1777-1846)
i. Business Papers
ii. Personal Papers
iii. Printed Materials
iv. Newspaper Clippings
B. Henry Pickering (1781-1838)
C. George Pickering (1789-1826)
D. Octavius Pickering (1791-1868)
E. Pickering Dodge (1778-1833)
SERIES V. Seventh Generation Business and Personal Papers
A. Mary Orne Pickering (1805-1886)
B. John Pickering (1808-1882)
C. Mary Orne, John, and Henry White Pickering (1811-1898)
SERIES VI. Pickering Family Miscellaneous Papers

Scope and Content Note

The Pickering Family Papers include business, legal, and personal papers of five generations of the Pickering family of Salem, Massachusetts. Approximately half the papers belong to Colonel Timothy Pickering (1745-1829), a prominent statesman. Many others belong to his son John(6) Pickering (1777-1846), a lawyer and gifted linguist and scholar. Also represented in the collection are personal and business papers of thirteen other family members. In addition, papers of Pickering relatives and in-laws are included in the collection. These papers document the evolution of a family in Salem from modest beginnings as skilled laborers and farmers to a distinguished, successful family, whose members have included statesmen, scholars, lawyers, and merchants.


The collection has been arranged in six series, spanning the third through seventh generations of the Pickering family in this country.


Series I. Third Generation Business Papers, which span the years 1684 to 1733, include papers belonging to John(3) Pickering (1658-1722) and his brother William Pickering (1620-1723). For John(3) Pickering there is an account book detailing transactions on his farm. For Captain William Pickering, a successful sea captain and later merchant, there are business and shipping papers including inventories, invoices, receipts, accounts, and bills of loading and sale. These concern voyages primarily to Newfoundland and Europe. On one trip to Newfoundland in the brig Hope he reports on destruction of St. John's. Also present are deeds, personal correspondence to his wife Hannah or from his brother John, a power of attorney for his brother Benjamin Pickering (1665-1718), and papers concerning William's estate following his disappearance at sea in 1722. Other documents concern the ship Province Galley, which William Pickering commanded for several years. Other vessels mentioned include the sloops Content, and Elizabeth, the ships Salem Galley, and Elizabeth and Hannah, bark Blessing, and brigs Hope, John, and Java. Papers in Box 1, Folders 4-6 were removed from the one volume Pickering and Derby scrapbook.


Series II. Fourth Generation Business and Personal Papers span the years 1702 to 1772. They include a coroner's inquest following the death by drowning of Lydia Pickering (1698-1702) at age 4 years. The papers belonging to Theophilus Pickering (1700-1745) deal mainly with the purchase of land in Ipswich (now Essex), Massachusetts, where Theophilus settled. Papers of Timothy Pickering (1702 -1778), who was both a farmer and church deacon, include information on First Church of Salem affairs, notes on biblical texts and drafts of sermons, and a record of marriages performed. There is also a ledger detailing twenty-five years of his farm's accounts.


Series III. Fifth Generation Business and Personal Papers, 1686-1887, contain the papers of John(5) Pickering (1740-1811) and his younger brother Timothy Pickering (1745-1829). The papers of John(5) Pickering reflect his years in public service at the state and local levels. Business papers and receipts pertain to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, Essex Country Registry of Deeds, Essex County Bar, and the Salem town treasury. Of particular interest is a journal of the committee that drafted the Massachusetts constitution in 1777. There is also a diary on gardening, and a deed for land in Danvers.


A large portion of the Pickering Family Papers belong to Timothy Pickering (1745-1829). These include business and legal papers, military papers, business and personal correspondence, missions to Indians, agricultural journals, historical notebooks, account books, printed materials, and newspaper clippings. Business papers and correspondence are grouped together because many are notes, drafts of letters, or copies of letters, some written in Timothy's hand and others copied by scribes. Included is correspondence with George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and John Adams, among others.


Many of the early papers focus on the Essex County Militia. Additional papers pertain to Colonel Timothy Pickering's years in the Continental Army, where he was appointed Adjuvant General in 1777, served on the Board of War (from 1777) and became Quartermaster General in 1780. Following his resignation from the Army in 1783, many papers concern his business partnership with Samuel Hodgdon. In 1785, topics covered in the papers include his dealings in land speculation in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Included are depositions collected after Timothy was abducted by some disgruntled settlers from Connecticut and held hostage for nineteen days in 1788.


Papers in Boxes 3 and 4 span Timothy Pickering's years in the government, first as Postmaster General (1791-1795), briefly as Secretary of War (1795), and then as Secretary of State (1795-1800). His letters as Secretary of State reflect his increasing dissatisfaction with the French government and his subsequent dismissal from the government in May 1800. A continuing worry of Pickering's was providing for his family, and several letters pertain to disposal of his lands in Pennsylvania. Pickering returned to Massachusetts in 1801; he continued to write on the early days of the Republic, and to engage in political controversy. Subjects discussed in these papers include his opposition to Thomas Jefferson's doctrines, and later opposition to the War of 1812, when he went so far as to propose secession of the New England states. Also included in Box 4 are invitations to Timothy and his wife Rebecca, mostly received during his years in government.


When letters between John Adams and William Cunningham were published in 1823, Pickering wrote a rebuttal of many of the statements made in them. Drafts of his rebuttal are in Box 4, Folder 8 and Box 5, Folders 1-3. Also in Box 5 are miscellaneous business notes, memoranda, agricultural notes, pamphlets, speeches, and addresses on Indian affairs and political matters, and documents concerning the First Church in Salem. Box 6 contains assorted legal papers, including powers of attorney, summons, warrants and complaints, certificates, deeds, indentures, and mortgages and wills. Some of these papers precede Pickering's days as a lawyer in Salem, but they have been retained with the rest of the Pickering collection. Also in Box 6 are papers and correspondence related to Timothy Pickering's later years and death in 1829.


Colonel Timothy wrote frequently to his wife Rebecca during their long separations. Box 7 contains typewritten transcriptions of over 600 letters to her spanning the years 1775 to 1827. Some letters include glimpses of military or business affairs, but many are devoted to personal matters, such as relocating the family, the health of the children, or Pickering's desire to return to New England and settle as a farmer. Timothy also wrote frequently to his brother John (B8 F1) and to his children. There are about 270 typewritten transcriptions of letters to his eldest son John, who was his closest confidant (B8 F2-F4). In early letters Pickering counsels his son with regard to his education and study abroad. Later letters discuss American foreign policy and offer candid opinions of George Washington (March 3, 1810), John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Aaron Burr, and Elbridge Gerry among others. Also present are (handwritten) letters to sons John, Timothy, Charles, George, and Octavius and letters to twin daughters Elizabeth Dorsey and Mary Nichols and their husbands. Other personal correspondence includes drafts of letters to family members, letters to or from Rebecca Pickering, and papers concerning Rebecca (White) Pickering's family. The White family folder contains the marriage certificate (1757) of Rebecca Pickering's parents, Benjamin White and Elizabeth Miller, and letters to Rebecca and Timothy from Rebecca's sister Elizabeth, who did not come to America until 1785.


Business records (B9) include inventories and accounts, bills and receipts, a cashbook and three bankbooks. Many records pertain to the brigantine Hope or to other vessels including the cutter Royal George, ship Benjamin, or brigantine Nymph. Other records relate to Pickering's years as Quartermaster General, including the mustering out of officers from 1780 to 1783. There are also accounts spanning the years while Pickering was in business with Samuel Hodgdon and later while he was speculating in land in Pennsylvania. An oversize ledger itemizes expenses in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, from 1787 to 1791 (Cabinet 2 Drawer 9). One cashbook covers the years 1780 to 1800 in detail. Another cashbook pertains to Pennsylvania (1784-1803) and includes a record of lands surveyed in Ohio County, Virginia, in 1784. One bankbook dates from Pickering's time as Secretary of State, (1799), while two others are from Boston (1808-1809 and 1826).


In Box 10 are assorted journals, memoranda books, and maps. Four journals (F1) describe Pickering's experiences in the Continental Army from 1776-1777 and 1780-1781, and another (F2) describes a trip along the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania (1786). One memorandum book (F3) summarizes the family genealogy; the next folder (F4) contains a copy of this book, including the additions by his son Octavius Pickering and granddaughter Mary Orne Pickering. Also present is a shorthand manuscript book (1769), a copybook pertaining to the First Church in Salem (1824), a missionary journal by William Torrey (1823-1824), and miscellaneous maps. Pickering's agricultural journals (B10-11) reflect his lifelong interest in agriculture. Topics in the journals primarily concern animal husbandry and gardening. Others contain extracts of published works on similar subjects of interest to Pickering and include observations made by European agriculturalists. Finally there are printed materials from Pickering's years as Secretary of State or member of Congress (B12 F1), his years in Massachusetts (F2), as well as other printed items. Newspaper articles in F6 pertain directly to Pickering, while those in F7 pertain largely to his broad interests in national and international affairs.


Series IV. Sixth Generation Business and Personal Papers, 1753-1868, contain business papers, legal papers, and personal papers of Colonel Timothy Pickering's sons, John(6) (1777-1846), Henry (1781-1838), George (1789-1826), and Octavius (1791-1868), and his nephew Pickering Dodge (1718-1833). John Pickering(6) was a noted lawyer and scholar. The business papers in Box 13 pertain largely to his early law practice in Salem, his service in several sessions of the General Court, and his time as city solicitor in Boston. The papers in Boxes 14-17 contain legal briefs and Pickering's notes on particular cases. Many briefs concern property ownership, wills and estate settlements, or disputed insurance claims or other financial obligations. Other documents and notes deal with vessels or cargoes lost at sea, a petition to build a free bridge (Warren Bridge) from Boston to Charlestown (B14 F6), and construction of the Eastern Railroad (B16 F5-F6). Notable legal cases include Lord Stirling's claim to lands in Maine (B14 F7) and the insurance claim following the loss of the brig Oscar near Havana in 1832 (B15 F8-9 and B16 F1).


John(6) Pickering was esteemed as a linguist and philologist. Papers in Box 18, Folders 3-5 concern the Greek lexicon he wrote in 1826, the first with definitions in English and not Latin. Pickering also wrote various works on American Indian languages (B18 F6). His personal papers also include remarks on military law, the benefits of a classical education and an address as President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (F9) in 1845.


John(6) Pickering and his father Timothy Pickering corresponded frequently with one another. There are typescripts of 157 letters from John to his father in Box 19, Folders 2-3. About half the letters relate to the time when John Pickering was in Lisbon and London (1797-1801) preparing for his future life in politics and law. Following his return to Salem in 1801, Pickering's letters deal largely with political and legislative issues, both at the local and national level. Also present is correspondence from his ward (and relative) John C. Lee, two memo books, five bankbooks, and a plan of Sewall's estate in Salem (circa 1753).


Box 20 contains assorted printed materials including documents from the General Court and Supreme Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, studies of American Indian and other languages, descriptions of Pickering's Greek lexicon, plans of railroad routes, announcements of exhibitions and other entertainments in Boston, and papers from historical and other societies, as well as many other items. Boxes 20 and 21 include newspaper clippings reflecting John Pickering's broad interests in law, politics, history, and language. Three oversize scrapbooks, totaling about 270 pages, contain documents pertaining to Pickering's years as City Solicitor for Boston, as well as miscellaneous papers. The legal documents include extensive coverage of the Boston and Providence Railroad v. the City of Boston case (1843-1844), while the miscellaneous papers include business papers, invitations, essays, and excerpts from Roger Williams's Indian language vocabulary, among many items.


Henry Pickering (1781-1838), Timothy's third son, was a businessman in Salem. This collection contains letters from Henry to his father Timothy, his mother Rebecca, and his sister Mary. The letters to his father deal primarily with Henry's early financial success and offers to assist his family, and then with his later financial failure. Letters to Rebecca and Mary describe Henry's life in New York City and in upstate New York along the Hudson River. Of particular interest is a letter to Mary describing Timothy's death (1829) and an ode to Mary's twins Mary and Elizabeth, who were born on the day Timothy died. Included with Mary's letters are two from Henry to her husband, Benjamin Ropes Nichols, and one from Nichols to Henry. Also present is a letter from Henry's uncle Paine Wingate, memorials to Henry's mother Rebecca, and an account of a shipping loss.


George Pickering (1789-1826), seventh son of Timothy Pickering, led a short and unfortunate life. Afflicted with mental illness, the papers in Box 22, Folder 7 document his admission to the Asylum for the Insane in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1821.


Octavius Pickering (1791-1868), eighth and youngest son of Timothy Pickering, was a lawyer and reporter. Notes, correspondence and drafts for his biography, The Life of Timothy Pickering, can be found in this collection. Octavius completed the first volume before his death in 1868, and his friend Charles Wentworth Upham completed the task in 1873.


Pickering Dodge (1778-1833), Timothy Pickering's nephew, was a successful merchant in Salem. He is represented in this collection by an account of the settlement for the loss and charges of the brig Alert in 1798.


Series V. Seventh Generation Business and Personal Papers, 1814-1879, contain business, legal, and personal papers of John(6) Pickering's children Mary Orne (1805-1886), John(7) (1808-1882), and Henry White (1811-1898). Mary Orne Pickering's papers include a music book (1814), a report of lectures given by Arnold Guyot (1852), and other papers. John(7) Pickering documents include a document from the Probate Court about the death of his wife Mehitable (Cox) Pickering (1879). Also found in this series is a deed of sale naming Mary Orne, John(7), and Henry White Pickering (1855).


Series VI. Pickering Family Miscellaneous Papers, 1662-1865, include business papers, legal papers, correspondence, notebooks, and incidental items. There are papers from a Richard Pickering, a William Pickering and a John Pickering Jr (1820-1894) not known to be related to this Pickering family but retained as part of the collection. There are miscellaneous papers, many dealing with the affairs of Essex County or the General Court, and others concerning the fishing trade, an Indian treaty, religious freedom, the abolition of slavery in Massachusetts, or the regulation of gold and silver coins, among many topics. There are also notebooks and account books whose authorship is unknown. Finally there are copies of gravestone inscriptions from Warwick, England, and a photograph of Pickering Tor in Dovedale, England.


Biographical Sketches

Note: Since the eldest son in each generation of the Pickering family was named John, by family convention, they are referred to as John(1) through John(7).


John(1) Pickering (1615-1657) was born in Coventry, England, and arrived in New England in the early 1630s. A carpenter by trade, he married Elizabeth Alderman; they had two sons, John(2) and Jonathan. John(2) Pickering (1637-1694) was a farmer in Salem, Massachusetts. He served as selectman for several terms and was regarded as a hero after helping to defeat an Indian attack near Deerfield, Massachusetts, in 1675. He married Alice Flint Bullock; three of their sons reached adulthood: John(3), Benjamin, and William.


John(3) Pickering (1658-1722), like his father, was drawn to public service. In addition to farming, he was elected selectman in Salem three times and was a representative to the Massachusetts General Court from 1714 to 1716. John(3) Pickering married Sarah Burrill in 1683; their surviving sons were John(4), Timothy, and Theophilus. The middle brother Benjamin Pickering (1665-1718) became a shipmaster and shipwright, and the youngest brother, Captain William Pickering (1670-1723), became a successful sea captain and later a merchant in Salem.


John(4) Pickering (1688-1712) died at an early age. After attending Harvard College, his brother Theophilus Pickering (1700-1745) entered the ministry and was called to the Second Church of Ipswich in Chebacco Parish (later the town of Essex, Massachusetts). Timothy Pickering (1702-1778), John(3)'s third son, was both a successful farmer and a Deacon of Salem's new Tabernacle Church. He and his wife Mary (Wingate) Pickering had nine children, including two sons, John(5) and Timothy.


John(5) Pickering (1740-1811), the first son of Timothy and Mary Pickering, spent most of his life in public service. He graduated from Harvard in 1759. From 1769 to 1780, with the exception of 1775, he was Salem's representative to the Massachusetts General Court, and for several of those years he was Speaker of the House. In 1777 he was chosen Register of Deeds for Essex County, a position he held until 1806. In 1782 he was Town Treasurer. He was also a Justice of the Peace and a Judge of the Massachusetts Court of Common Pleas.


Timothy Pickering (1745-1829) was the second son of Timothy and Mary Pickering. After graduating from Harvard College in 1763, he returned to Salem for fourteen years during which he practiced law and was active in town affairs, including serving as Selectman, Town Clerk, and Register of Deeds for Essex County. In 1766 he was commissioned a Lieutenant in the Essex County militia, and in 1769 he was appointed its Captain. His ideas on drilling soldiers were published in 1775 as An Easy Plan of Discipline for aMilitia; this manual was used a drill book for the Continental Army. In 1775 he was elected Colonel of the First Regiment of the Essex County Militia. In 1776 he and his regiment joined General Washington in New York and New Jersey. Washington, favorably impressed by Pickering, offered him a position as Adjuvant General of the Continental Army in 1777; Pickering served in this capacity during the remainder of the conflict. In 1780, the Continental Congress elected Pickering Quartermaster General.


At the end of the Revolution, Pickering made several attempts at achieving financial success. In 1783, he went into business as a merchant with Samuel Hodgdon. When this enterprise failed two years later, he moved to Wyoming valley in the new county of Luzerne, Pennsylvania, where he bought large tracts of land and assumed a number of county offices. Controversy with the settlers eventually forced Pickering to leave; he moved from Wyoming to Philadelphia in 1792. In 1792 President Washington appointed Pickering Commissioner to the Iroquois Indians; Pickering represented the United States in the negotiation of the Treaty of Canandaigua with the Iroquois in 1794. Washington brought Pickering into the government as Postmaster General in 1791. He served in Washington's cabinet and the cabinet of John Adams for nine years, serving as Postmaster General until 1795, Secretary of War briefly in 1795, and then Secretary of State from 1795 to 1800. After a quarrel with President John Adams over Adams's plan to make peace with France, Pickering was dismissed from office in May 1800. He was named to the United States Senate as a Senator from Massachusetts in 1803; he was a member of the Federalist Party. He lost his senate seat in 1811, and was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1812, where he remained until 1817. In his later years, Pickering retired to Salem and Wenham where he lived as a farmer until his death in 1829. Timothy married Rebecca White of Salem on April 8, 1776. They shared 52 years together and raised ten children: John(6), Timothy, Henry, Charles, William, Edward, George, Octavius, Elizabeth, and Mary.


John(6) Pickering (1777-1846), eldest son of Timothy and Rebecca (White) Pickering, was born in Salem and raised by his paternal uncle John(5). He attended Harvard College and practiced law in Salem until 1827, when he moved to Boston and was appointed City Solicitor, which office he held until shortly before his death in 1846. John(6) was active in politics, serving in the state's House of Representatives and Senate for many terms. He was a gifted linguist and scholar and is regarded as a founder of American comparative philology. He was familiar with as many as twenty-two languages, including Egyptian hieroglyphics and several American Indian dialects. His scholarly contributions include a book about words unique to American English (1816), a grammar of the Cherokee language (1820), and the first Greek to English dictionary (1826). He declined appointments at Harvard as professor of Hebrew and other Oriental Languages or professor of Greek Literature, but he served on the Board of Overseers and received an LL.D. from Harvard in 1835. He was a founder of the American Oriental Society, serving as its President until his death; he was also President of the American Academy of Arts and Science. John and his wife Sarah White had three children: Mary Orne, John(7), and Henry White.


Octavius Pickering (1791-1868), the youngest son of Timothy and Rebecca (White) Pickering, trained as a lawyer after graduating from Harvard in 1810. He reported on the proceedings of the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention of 1820, and reported on the decisions passed down by the state's Supreme Court from 1822 to 1840. Octavius was interested in science and natural history. He was a founder of the Boston Society of Natural History. For many years he was a member of the American Academy of Sciences. He collected and prepared for publication the papers of his father Timothy Pickering, the first volume of which was published in 1867, just before his death. (The remaining three volumes were completed by his friend, Charles W. Upham, in 1873.) Octavius married Jane Pratt and they had one son, Henry.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Adams, John, 1735-1826
Dodge, Pickering, 1778-1823
Dorsey, Hammond, 1791?-1823
Nichols, Benjamin Ropes, 1786-1848
Pickering family
Pickering, George, 1789-1826
Pickering, Henry White, 1811-1898
Pickering, Henry, 1781-1838
Pickering, John, |c Jr., 1820-1894
Pickering, John, 1658-1722
Pickering, John, 1740-1811
Pickering, John, 1777-1846
Pickering, John, 1808-1882
Pickering, Mary Orne, 1805-1886
Pickering, Octavius, 1791-1868
Pickering, Rebecca, 1754-1828
Pickering, Richard
Pickering, Theophilus, 1700-1747
Pickering, Timothy, 1702-1778
Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829
Pickering, William
Pickering, William, 1670-1723
Torrey, William, 1751?-1828
Washington, George, 1732-1799
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
American Oriental Society
Eastern Railroad Company
Essex Historical Society
First Church (Salem, Mass.)
Oscar (Brig)
Province Galley (Ship)
Agriculture--Massachusetts--Essex County
Cherokee Indians
Greek language
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians--Languages
Iroquois Indians
Language and languages--Orthography and spelling
Real property--Pennsylvania--Wyoming Valley
Boston (Mass.)
Boston (Mass.)--City Solicitor
Essex (Mass. : Town)
Essex (Mass. : Town)--Registrar of Deeds
Ipswich (Mass.)
Luzerne County (Pa.)
Massachusetts. Court of Common Pleas (Essex County)
Massachusetts. General Court.
Massachusetts. General Court. Senate
Massachusetts. House of Representatives
Massachusetts. Supreme Judicial Court
Salem (Mass.)
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Continental Army--Equipment and supplies--Personal narratives
United States--Politics and government--House of Representatives
United States--Politics and government--Postmaster General
United States--Politics and government--Secretary of State
United States--Politics and government--Secretary of War
United States--Politics and government--Senate
Warren Bridge (Charlestown, Mass.)
Wyoming Valley (Pa.)

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Pickering Family Papers, MSS 400, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This collection is a reorganization and integration of several boxes, account books, scrapbooks and smaller collections. Many of the items were donated by members of the Pickering family. Four letters from Timothy Pickering (1745-1829) were loaned by The Pickering Foundation on June 6, 2007 (box 3, folder 6 and box 4, folder 6).

Processing Information

Collection processed by Lee Jacoby, June 2011.


Related Material

A. Books and Articles Authored by the Pickering Family


Ellery, Harrison and Bowditch, Charles Pickering. The Pickering Genealogy: Being an Account of the First Three Generations of the Pickering Family of Salem, Mass., and of the Descendants of John and Sarah (Burrill) Pickering, of the Third Generation. Vols. 1-3. Privately printed, 1897.


Pickering, John. A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Greek Language. 1826.


Pickering, John. A Vocabulary, or Collection of Words and Phrases which have been Supposed to be Peculiar to the United States of America. Boston, 1816.


Pickering, John. On the Adoption of a Uniform Orthography for the Indian Languages of North America. 1820.


Pickering, Mary Orne. The Life of John Pickering, (1777-1846). Privately printed, Boston, 1887.


Pickering, Octavius and Upham, Charles Wentworth. The Life of Timothy Pickering, Vols. 1-4. Boston: Little Brown, 1867-1873.


Pickering, Timothy. An Easy Plan of Discipline for a Militia. Salem, 1775.


Pickering, Timothy. Review of the Correspondence between Honorable John Adams and William Cunningham from 1803-1812. Salem, 1824.


B. Books Authored by Others


The House That John Built: Ten Generations of the Pickering Family of Salem. Privately printed, Salem, 2010.


C. Related items in the Phillips Library Collection


Pickering, Benjamin. Logbook, Betsy & Eliza, schooner, 1829. Log 229


Pickering, George W. Account book, 1899-1901. MSS 1321.1


Pickering, George W. Day book, 1900-1901. MSS 1321.2


Pickering, John. Deed of land in Salem to John Pickering and others, 1826. M347.2


Pickering, M.F. & Co. Governor Goodwin, ship, captain's wife's journal. Log 1199


Pickering, Timothy. Salem Gazette. New Year's Address, 1814. MH 0.288


[Pickering, William]. Account book, 1708-1709. MSS 1323


Pickering, William. Account book, 1696-1718. MSS 1322


Pickering, William and Hannah. Account book, 1718-1796, MSS 1636


Harrison, Ellery. Pickering Family Charts, 5 vols. CS71. P53548


Pickering Family Genealogy, 33 volumes, MSS Genealogy


Pickering Genealogy, 13 volumes, MSS Genealogy


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